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Exploring the MEN1 dependent modulation of caspase 8 and caspase 3 in human pancreatic and murine embryo fibroblast cells

Abstract : Abstract MEN1 mutation causes pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasia and benign malignancies of the parathyroid, the adrenal cortex and pituitary gland. The transcriptional activity of its product menin promotes the expression of genes deputed to several cellular mechanism including cell death. Here, we focused on its implication in the activation of the initiator and executioner caspases after staurosporine mediated cell death in 2D and 3D human and murine cell models. The administration of staurosporine, a well-known inducer of apoptotic cell death, caused a significant reduction of BON1, QGP1 and HPSC2.2 cell viability. The transient knockdown of MEN1, performed by using a specific siRNA, caused a significant down-regulation of CDKN1A and TP53 transcripts. The treatment with 1 µM of staurosporine caused also a significant down-regulation of MEN1 and was able to restore the basal expression of TP53 only in QGP1 cells. Transient or permanent MEN1 inactivation caused a decrease of caspase 8 activity in BON1, HPSC2.2 cells and MEN1 −/− MEFs treated with staurosporine. Caspase 3/7 activity was suppressed after administration of staurosporine in MEN1 knocked down HPSC2.2 and MEN1 −/− MEFs as well. The cleaved caspase 8 and caspase 3 decreased in human cells after MEN1 knockdown and in MEN1 −/− MEFs. The treatment with staurosporine caused a reduction of the size of MEN1 + / + MEFs spheroids. Instead, MEN1 −/− MEFs spheroids did not show any significant reduction of their size. In conclusion, MEN1 controls the activity of the initiator caspase 8 and the executioner caspase 3 in human and murine cells. Restoring of a functional MEN1 and interfering with the apoptotic mechanism could represent a future strategy for the treatment of MEN1 -related malignancies.
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https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03666683
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 4:39:57 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 13, 2022 - 2:43:40 PM

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Nele Wagener, Malte Buchholz, Philippe Bertolino, Chang Zhang, Pietro Di Fazio. Exploring the MEN1 dependent modulation of caspase 8 and caspase 3 in human pancreatic and murine embryo fibroblast cells. Apoptosis, Springer Verlag, 2022, 27 (1-2), pp.70-79. ⟨10.1007/s10495-021-01700-1⟩. ⟨hal-03666683⟩

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