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Are human natal sex ratio differences across the world adaptive? A test of Fisher's principle

Abstract : Fisher's principle states that natural selection favours an equal number of male and female births at the population level, unless there are sex differences in rearing costs or sex differences in mortality before the end of the period of parental investment. Sex differences in rearing costs should be more pronounced in low- than in high-resource settings. We, therefore, examined whether human development index and sex differences in child mortality contribute to the natural variation in human sex ratio at birth across the globe. As predicted by Fisher's principle, the proportion of male births increased with both increasing male-biased childhood mortality and level of development of each country. However, these relationships were absent after accounting for spatial autocorrelation in the residuals, which our inference is conditioned on. This work shows how the failure to account for residual spatial autocorrelation can lead to incorrect conclusions regarding support for predictions from sex allocation theory.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 4:52:44 PM
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Mathieu Douhard, Stéphane Dray. Are human natal sex ratio differences across the world adaptive? A test of Fisher's principle. Biology Letters, Royal Society, The, 2021, 17 (3), ⟨10.1098/rsbl.2020.0620⟩. ⟨hal-03376776⟩

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