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Multiple stressors shape invertebrate assemblages and reduce their trophic niche: A case study in a regulated stream

Sylvain Dolédec 1 Laurent Simon 2 Jérémie Blemus 3 Amandine Rigal 2 Joël Robin 3 Florian Mermillod-Blondin 2 
1 BAH - Équipe 1 - Biodiversité et Adaptation dans les Hydrosystèmes
LEHNA - Laboratoire d'Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés
2 E3S - Équipe 3 - Écologie, Évolution, Écosystemes Souterrains
LEHNA - Laboratoire d'Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés
Abstract : Few studies have addressed how the diversity of basal resources change with stream regulation and the potential consequences on river biota. We sampled invertebrates above and below a series of dams, over two years, at both downwelling and upwelling zones. In each zone, we recorded the daily temperature and flow variations, esti- mated the algal development, measured the available resources, and analysed carbon and nitrogen stable isotope compositions of the invertebrate community. The number of hydrological pulses were typically higher below the dams than above the dams especially during high-flow periods whereas the groundwater outlets had minor ef- fects on invertebrate assemblages. Invertebrate abundance, richness and diversity tended to decrease below the dams. Co-inertia analysis showed that flow and temperature variations, and eutrophication explained most of the variance in the invertebrate assemblages, which comprised a higher number of resilient taxa below than above the dams. The proportions of pesticide-sensitive invertebrates were lower below the dams and ovoviviparous and more generalist taxa were prominent. We did not observe the expected CPOM decrease and FPOM increase downstream. Accordingly, the proportions of each functional feeding group were remarkably similar above and below the dams despite the long distance between the sectors (>100 kms). The diversity of basal resources used within assemblages progressively increased downstream above dams. In contrast, the diversity of resources used by organisms below the dams decreased from upstream to downstream suggesting a significant influence of flow regulation on aquatic food webs. Finally, the shorter trophic chains for the invertebrate assemblages below the dams suggests that the effects of stream regulation and eutrophication induced a simplification of food webs. To our knowledge, this study is the first to connect taxonomic and functional trait changes in response to multiple stressors with the associated modifications in isotopic niches within aquatic invertebrate assemblages.
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Submitted on : Sunday, October 17, 2021 - 2:31:25 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 24, 2022 - 2:08:01 PM
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Sylvain Dolédec, Laurent Simon, Jérémie Blemus, Amandine Rigal, Joël Robin, et al.. Multiple stressors shape invertebrate assemblages and reduce their trophic niche: A case study in a regulated stream. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2021, 773, pp.145061. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145061⟩. ⟨hal-03156684⟩



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