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Unbiased Detection of Cysteine Sulfenic Acid by 473 nm Photodissociation Mass Spectrometry: Toward Facile In Vivo Oxidative Status of Plasma Proteins

Abstract : Cysteine (Cys) is prone to diverse post-translational modifications in proteins, including oxidation into sulfenic acid (Cys-SOH) by reactive oxygen species generated under oxidative stress. Detection of low concentrated and metastable Cys-SOH within complex biological matrices is challenging due to the dynamic concentration range of proteins in the samples. Herein, visible laser-induced dissociation (LID) implemented in a mass spectrometer was used for streamlining the detection of Cys oxidized proteins thanks to proper derivatization of Cys-SOH with a chromophore tag functionalized with a cyclohexanedione group. Once grafted, peptides undergo a high fragmentation yield under LID, leading concomitantly to informative backbone ions and to a chromophore reporter ion. 79 % of the Cys-containing tryptic peptides deriving from human serum albumin and serotransferrin tracked by Parallel Reaction Monitoring (PRM) were detected as targets subjected to oxidation. These candidates, as well as Cys-containing peptides predicted by in silico trypsin digestion of 5 other human plasma proteins, were then tracked in real plasma samples to pinpoint the endogenous Cys-SOH subpopulation. Most of the targeted peptides were detected in all plasma samples by LID-PRM, with significant differences in their relative amounts. By eliminating the signal of interfering co-eluted compounds, LID-PRM surpasses conventional HCD-PRM in detecting grafted Cys-SOH containing peptides and allows now to foresee clinical applications in large human cohorts.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03151805
Contributor : Agnès Bussy <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 10:08:43 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 5:39:53 PM

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Jean-Valery Guillaubez, Delphine Pitrat, Yann Bretonnière, Jérôme Lemoine, Marion Girod. Unbiased Detection of Cysteine Sulfenic Acid by 473 nm Photodissociation Mass Spectrometry: Toward Facile In Vivo Oxidative Status of Plasma Proteins. Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2021, 93 (5), pp.2907-2915. ⟨10.1021/acs.analchem.0c04484⟩. ⟨hal-03151805⟩

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