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How do developmental and parental exposures to predation affect personality and immediate behavioural plasticity in the snail Physa acuta ?

Abstract : Individuals differ in personality and immediate behavioural plasticity. While developmental environment may explain this group diversity, the effect of parental environment is still unexplored—a surprising observation since parental environment influences mean behaviour. We tested whether developmental and parental environments impacted personality and immediate plasticity. We raised two generations of Physa acuta snails in the laboratory with or without developmental exposure to predator cues. Escape behaviour was repeatedly assessed on adult snails with or without predator cues in the immediate environment. On average, snails were slower to escape if they or their parents had been exposed to predator cues during development. Snails were also less plastic in response to immediate predation risk on average if they or their parents had been exposed to predator cues. Group diversity in personality was greater in predator-exposed snails than unexposed snails, while parental environment did not influence it. Group diversity in immediate plasticity was not signifi- cant. Our results suggest that only developmental environment plays a key role in the emergence of group diversity in personality, but that parental environment influences mean behavioural responses to the environmental change. Consequently, although different, both developmental and parental cues may have evolutionary implications on behavioural responses.
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https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03118757
Contributor : Nathalie Lyvet <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 9:32:58 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 27, 2021 - 3:03:04 AM

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Juliette Tariel, Sandrine Plénet, Émilien Luquet. How do developmental and parental exposures to predation affect personality and immediate behavioural plasticity in the snail Physa acuta ?. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Royal Society, The, 2020, 287 (1941), pp.20201761. ⟨10.1098/rspb.2020.1761⟩. ⟨hal-03118757⟩

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