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Emerging polar pollutants in groundwater: Potential impact of urban stormwater infiltration practices

Abstract : The quality of groundwater (GW) resources is decreasing partly due to chemical contaminations from a wide range of activities, such as industrial and agricultural enterprises and changes in land-use. In urban areas, one potential major pathway of GW contamination is associated with urban water management practices based on stormwater runoff infiltration systems (SIS). Data on the performance of the upper layer of soil and the unsaturated zone of infiltration basins to limit the contamination of GW by hy- drophilic compounds are lacking. With this aim, the impact of infiltration practices on GW contamination was assessed for 12 pesticides and 4 pharmaceuticals selected according to their ecotoxicological rele- vance and their likelihood of being present in urban stormwater and GW. For this purpose, 3 campaigns were conducted at 4 SIS during storm events. For each campaign, passive samplers based on the use of EmporeTM disk were deployed in GW wells upstream and downstream of SIS, as well as in the storm- water runoff entering the infiltration basins. Upstream and downstream GW contaminations were compared to evaluate the potential effect of SIS on GW contamination and possible relationships with stormwater runoff composition were examined. Our results showed two interesting opposite trends: (i) carbendazim, diuron, fluopyram, imidacloprid and lamotrigine had concentrations significantly increasing in GW impacted by infiltration, indicating a contribution of SIS to GW contamination, (ii) atrazine, simazine and 2 transformation products exhibited concentrations significantly decreasing with infiltration due to a probable dilution of historic GW contaminants with infiltrated stormwater runoff. The other 7 contaminants showed no general trend. This study demonstrates that passive samplers deployed in GW wells enabled the capture of emerging polar pollutants present at very low concen- trations and allowed the assessment of infiltration practices on GW quality. New data on GW and urban stormwater are provided for poorly studied hazardous compounds.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 13, 2020 - 2:23:31 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 25, 2020 - 4:37:23 PM

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Lucie Pinasseau, Laure Wiest, Laurence Volatier, Florian Mermillod-Blondin, Emmanuelle Vulliet. Emerging polar pollutants in groundwater: Potential impact of urban stormwater infiltration practices. Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2020, 266, pp.115387. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115387⟩. ⟨hal-02971585⟩

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