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Oldest Jurassic wood with Gondwanan affinities from the Middle Jurassic of Tibetan Plateau and its paleoclimatological and paleoecological significance

Abstract : Jurassic flora of the Tibetan Plateau is poorly known, with limited fossil records. The paleobiogeography of terres- trial biota is, however, one of the major evidences to reconstruct the intricate paleogeography of an area. Well- preserved fossil wood is described from the Middle Jurassic Xiali Formation (Callovian) in the South Qiangtang terrane of the Tibetan Plateau, SW China. The wood specimen is a well-preserved secondary xylem without growth rings. Bordered pits on the radial tracheid walls are mostly uniseriate distant, locally contiguous. Cross- fields have 1–2 large oopores. A systematic study indicates that the current fossil wood represents a new species, Circoporoxylon tibetense sp. nov. This is the earliest Laurasian data for the genus Circoporoxylon, which has a Gondwanan origin and subsequently became common in Laurasia during the Cretaceous. The present new find- ing indicates that Circoporoxylon might have reached the Laurasia via a Tibetan terrane. The presence of fungal remains and wood rotting structures resembling the extant white-rot testifies for the plant–fungal interaction in the Callovian. The absence of growth rings in Circoporoxylon wood and the absence of gypsum layers in the South Qiangtang terrane, together with the widely occurrence of gypsum layers in the North Qiangtang terrane, suggests the South Qiangtang terrane might be wetter than the latter during the Callovian age. The paleogeomorphological highlands of Central Uplift were most likely the boundary between the two. This paleoclimate zonation implies that the Permian to Mesozoic megamonsoon of the supercontinent Pangaea might have terminated in the northern of Paleo-Tethys before the Callovian.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:52:34 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 3:30:04 AM

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Guoqing Xia, Ning Tian, Marc Philippe, Haisheng Yi, Chihua Wu, et al.. Oldest Jurassic wood with Gondwanan affinities from the Middle Jurassic of Tibetan Plateau and its paleoclimatological and paleoecological significance. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Elsevier, 2020, 281, pp.104283. ⟨10.1016/j.revpalbo.2020.104283⟩. ⟨hal-02971167⟩

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