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Local-scale dynamics of plant-pesticide interactions in a northern Brittany agricultural landscape

Abstract : Soil pollution by anthropogenic chemicals is a major concern for sustainability of crop production and of ecosys- tem functions mediated by natural plant biodiversity. Understanding the complex effects of soil pollution re- quires multi-level and multi-scale approaches. Non-target and agri-environmental plant communities of field margins and vegetative filter strips are confronted with agricultural xenobiotics through soil contamination, drift, run-off and leaching events that result from chemical applications. Plant-pesticide dynamics in vegetative filter strips was studied at field scale in the agricultural landscape of a long-term ecological research network in northern Brittany (France). Vegetative filter strips effected significant pesticide abatement between the field and riparian compartments. However, comparison of pesticide usage modalities and soil chemical analysis re- vealed the extent and complexity of pesticide persistence in fields and vegetative filter strips, and suggested the contribution of multiple sources (yearly carry-over, interannual persistence, landscape-scale contamination). In order to determine the impact of such persistence, plant dynamics was followed in experimentally-designed vegetative filter strips of identical initial composition (Agrostis stolonifera, Anthemis tinctoria/Cota tinctoria, Cen- taurea cyanus, Fagopyrum esculentum, Festuca rubra, Lolium perenne, Lotus corniculatus, Phleum pratense, Trifolium pratense). After homogeneous vegetation establishment, experimental vegetative filter strips underwent rapid changes within the following two years, with Agrostis stolonifera, Festuca rubra, Lolium perenne and Phleum pratense becoming dominant and with the establishment of spontaneous vegetation. Co-inertia analysis showed that plant dynamics and soil residual pesticides could be significantly correlated, with the triazole fungicide epoxiconazole, the imidazole fungicide prochloraz and the neonicotinoid insecticide thiamethoxam as strong drivers of the correlation. However, the correlation was vegetative-filter-strip-specific, thus showing that corre- lation between plant dynamics and soil pesticides likely involved additional factors, such as threshold levels of residual pesticides. This situation of complex interactions between plants and soil contamination is further discussed in terms of agronomical, environmental and health issues.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 22, 2022 - 2:09:16 PM
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Anne-Antonella Serra, Anne‐kristel Bittebière, Cendrine Mony, Kahina Slimani, Frédérique Pallois, et al.. Local-scale dynamics of plant-pesticide interactions in a northern Brittany agricultural landscape. Science of the Total Environment, 2020, 744, pp.40772. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140772⟩. ⟨hal-02904562⟩



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