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Selection of Unusual Actinomycetal Primary σ70 Factors by Plant-Colonizing Frankia Strains

Abstract : Functional adaptations of σ70 transcriptional factors led to the emergence of several paralogous lineages, each one being specialized for gene transcription under particular growth conditions. Screening of a Frankia strain EaI-12 gene library by σ70 DNA probing allowed the detection and characterization of a novel actinomycetal primary (housekeeping) σ70 factor. Phylogenetic analysis positioned this factor in the RpoD cluster of proteobacterial and low-G+C-content gram-positive factors, a cluster previously free of any actinobacterial sequences. σ70 DNA probing of Frankia total DNA blots and PCR screening detected one or two rpoD-like DNA regions per species. rpoD matched the conserved region in all of the species tested. The other region was found to contain sigA, an alternative primary factor. sigA appeared to be strictly distributed among Frankia species infecting plants by the root hair infection process. Both genes were transcribed by Frankia strain ACN14a grown in liquid cultures. The molecular phylogeny of the σ70 family determined with Frankia sequences showed that the alternative actinomycetal factors and the essential ones belonged to the same radiation. At least seven distinct paralogous lineages were observed among this radiation, and gene transfers were detected in the HrdB actinomycetal lineage.
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Céline Lavire, Didier Blaha, B. Cournoyer. Selection of Unusual Actinomycetal Primary σ70 Factors by Plant-Colonizing Frankia Strains. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2004, 70 (2), pp.991-998. ⟨10.1128/AEM.70.2.991-998.2004⟩. ⟨hal-02569664⟩



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