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The case study of Case Bastione: First analyses of 3rd millennium cal BC paleoenvironmental and subsistence systems in central Sicily

Abstract : Archaeological investigations carried out at Case Bastione (Enna, central Sicily) provide a key insight into the cultural and environmental changes that occurred during the transition from the Copper Age to the Bronze Age. Preliminary data of an ongoing paleoenvironmental reconstruction through archaeobotanical analyses are here presented. The selective exploitation of vegetation, the adaptation of lifestyle to local resources, and changing climatic conditions are analysed using different on-site and off-site environmental and archaeological proxies. The environment around the site was constituted by mixed oak woodland. Dietary preferences were reconstructed through the analysis of carpo-remains. Isotopic values provide new data on the 4.2 ka BP event and its effects on vegetation in central Sicily. In a whole, first results from Case Bastione give new light to human choices of vegetal resources exploitation. Comparison of the local results with the regional pollen data support the hypothesis that the growth in population and settlement in the inland part of the island since the Late Copper Age may reflect changing climatic conditions in coastal areas.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 20, 2020 - 4:23:14 PM
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Claudia Speciale, Ilhem Bentaleb, Nathalie Combourieu-Nebout, Gian Pietro Di Sansebastiano, Filippo Iannì, et al.. The case study of Case Bastione: First analyses of 3rd millennium cal BC paleoenvironmental and subsistence systems in central Sicily. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Elsevier, 2020, 31, pp.102332. ⟨10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102332⟩. ⟨hal-02548634⟩

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