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Evolutionary history of synthesis pathway genes for phloroglucinol and cyanide antimicrobials in plant-associated fluorescent pseudomonads

Abstract : Plant-beneficial fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. play important ecological roles. Here, their evolutionary history was investigated by a multilocus approach targeting genes involved in synthesis of secondary antimicrobial metabolites implicated in biocontrol of phytopathogens. Some of these genes were proposed to be ancestral, and this was investigated using a worldwide collection of 30 plant-colonizing fluorescent pseudomonads, based on phylogenetic analysis of 14 loci involved in production of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (phIACBDE, phIF, intergenic locus phIA/phIF), hydrogen cyanide (hcnABC, anr) or global regulation of secondary metabolism (gacA, gacS, rsmZ). The 10 housekeeping loci rrs, dsbA, gyrB, rpoD, fdxA, recA, rpoB, rpsL, rpsG, and fusA served as controls. Each strain was readily distinguished from the others when considering allelic combinations for these 14 biocontrol-relevant loci. Topology comparisons based on Shimodaira-Hasegawa tests showed extensive incongruence when comparing single-locus phylogenetic trees with one another, but less when comparing (after sequence concatenation) trees inferred for genes involved in 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol synthesis, hydrogen cyanide synthesis, or secondary metabolism global regulation with trees for housekeeping genes. The 14 loci displayed linkage disequilibrium, as housekeeping loci did, and all 12 protein-coding loci were subjected to purifying selection except for one positively-selected site in HcnA. Overall, the evolutionary history of Pseudomonas genes involved in synthesis of secondary antimicrobial metabolites important for biocontrol functions is in fact similar to that of housekeeping genes, and results suggest that they are ancestral in pseudomonads producing hydrogen cyanide and 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 6, 2020 - 9:37:50 AM
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M. Frapolli, Joel F. Pothier, G. Défago, Yvan Moënne-Loccoz. Evolutionary history of synthesis pathway genes for phloroglucinol and cyanide antimicrobials in plant-associated fluorescent pseudomonads. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Elsevier, 2012, ⟨10.1016/j.ympev.2012.02.030⟩. ⟨hal-02532816⟩

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