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Impact of soil water content on maize responses to the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Azospirillum lipoferum CRT1

Sonia Czarnes 1 Pierre-Edouard Mercier 1 Damien Lemoine 2 Jihane Hamzaoui 1 Laurent Legendre 1
2 E3S - Équipe 3 - Écologie, Évolution, Écosystemes Souterrains
IUF - Institut Universitaire de France, LEHNA - Laboratoire d'Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés
Abstract : Members of the bacterial genus Azospirillum are root-associated bacteria that increase yield in cereals by promoting growth and alleviating drought stress. How plants integrate the many bacterium-derived growth-promoting stimuli with other environmental factors to generate a coordinated response remains unresolved. Using a commercial Azospirillum strain, A. lipoferum CRT1 and two host maize cultivars, it was observed that bacterization reduced the drought-induced increase in lateral root growth and enhanced the flood-induced increase in lateral root growth in the more drought- and flood-sensitive cultivar. In the other one, A. lipoferum CRT1 only elicited a moderate root growth response under low soil water potential. The photosynthetic potential and activity were increased in the earlier cultivar and decreased in the later one, irrespective of the soil water content. No impact of the bacterium was seen on the growth of the leaves of both cultivars under both stresses until the third leaf stage, therefore suggesting that it is a consequence of multiple primary adaptations to biotic and abiotic stresses. It is suggested that host-bacteria recognition leads to a stress-specific modulation of the root response and a differential stress-independent effect on photosynthesis. This is the first report of the impact of Azospirillum under flood conditions.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 23, 2020 - 5:05:46 PM
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Sonia Czarnes, Pierre-Edouard Mercier, Damien Lemoine, Jihane Hamzaoui, Laurent Legendre. Impact of soil water content on maize responses to the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Azospirillum lipoferum CRT1. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, Wiley, In press, ⟨10.1111/jac.12399⟩. ⟨hal-02515966⟩



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