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Differential expression of metallothioneins in response to heavy metals and their involvement in metal tolerance in the symbiotic basidiomycete Laccaria bicolor

Abstract : Cysteine rich peptides such as metallothioneins (MTs) are involved in metal homeostasis and detoxification in many eukaryotes. We report the characterization and expression of two MT genes, LbMT1 and LbMT2 from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria bicolor under metal stress conditions. LbMT1 and LbMT2 differ with respect to the length of the encoded peptides (58 versus 37 amino acids, respectively) and also by their expression patterns in response to metals. The expression levels of both LbMT1 and LbMT2 increased as a function of increased external Cu concentration, the expression levels for LbMT2 were always significantly higher compared to those of LbMT1. Only LbMT1, but not LbMT2, responded to Cd supply in the range of 25-100 \textmuM while Zn did not affect the transcription of either LbMT1 or LbMT2. Both genes also responded to oxidative stress, but to a lesser extent compared to their responses to either Cu or Cd stress. Heterologous complementation assays in metal-sensitive yeast mutants indicated that both LbMT1 & 2 encode peptides capable of conferring higher tolerance to both Cu and Cd. The present study identified LbMTs as potential determinants of the response of this mycorrhizal fungus to Cu and Cd stress.
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https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02487457
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Submitted on : Friday, February 21, 2020 - 4:06:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 7:51:21 PM

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S. M. Reddy, L. Prasanna, R. Marmeisse, L. Fraissinet-Tachet. Differential expression of metallothioneins in response to heavy metals and their involvement in metal tolerance in the symbiotic basidiomycete Laccaria bicolor. Microbiology, Microbiology Society, 2014, 160 (10), pp.2235-2242. ⟨10.1099/mic.0.080218-0⟩. ⟨hal-02487457⟩

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