Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Pyrosequencing 16S rRNA genes of bacteria associated with wild tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus: a pilot study

Abstract : The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes (Stegomya) albopictus is an invasive species that has spread across the world in the last two decades, showing a great capacity to adapt to contrasting climates and environments. While demonstrated in many insects, the contribution of bacterial symbionts in Aedes ecology is a challenging aspect that needs to be investigated. Also some bacterial species have already been identified in Ae. albopictus using classical methods, but a more accurate survey of mosquito-associated bacterial diversity is needed to decipher the potential biological functions of bacterial symbionts in mediating or constraining insect adaptation. We surveyed the bacteria associated with field populations of Ae. albopictus from Madagascar by pyrosequencing 16S rRNA gene amplicons. Different aspects of amplicon preparation and sequencing depth were tested to optimize the breadth of bacterial diversity identified. The results revealed that all mosquitoes collected from different sites have a bacterial microbiota dominated by a single taxon, Wolbachia pipientis, which accounted for about 99% of all 92,615 sequences obtained. As Ae. albopictus is known to harbor two Wolbachia strains (wAlbA and wAlbB), a quantitative PCR was used to estimate the relative densities, (i.e., the bacteria-to-host gene ratios) of each strains in individual mosquitoes. Relative densities were between 6.25 \texttimes 100.01 and 5.47 \texttimes 100.1 for wAlbA and between 2.03 \texttimes 100.1 and 1.4 \texttimes 101 for wAlbB. Apart from Wolbachia, a total of 31 bacterial taxa were identified at the genus level using different method variations. Diversity index values were low and probably underestimated the true diversity due to the high abundance of Wolbachia sequences vastly outnumbering sequences from other taxa. Further studies should implement alternative strategies to specifically discard from analysis any sequences from Wolbachia, the dominant endosymbiotic bacterium in Ae. albopictus from this area.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [52 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02487453
Contributor : Depot 1 Lyon 1 <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 1:02:37 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 9:50:06 AM

File

2014_Minard_fcimb_1.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Guillaume Minard, Florence-Hélène Tran, Audrey Dubost, Van Tran Van, Patrick Mavingui, et al.. Pyrosequencing 16S rRNA genes of bacteria associated with wild tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus: a pilot study. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, Frontiers, 2014, 4, ⟨10.3389/fcimb.2014.00059⟩. ⟨hal-02487453⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

107

Files downloads

69