Molecular response to nitrogen starvation by Frankia alni ACN14a revealed by transcriptomics and functional analysis with a fosmid library in Escherichia coli

Abstract : The transcriptome of Frankia alni strain ACN14a was compared between in vitro ammonium-replete (N-replete) and ammonium-free dinitrogen-fixing (N-fixing) conditions using DNA arrays. A Welch-test (p \\textless 0.05) revealed significant upregulation of 252 genes under N-fixing vs. N-replete (fold-change (FC) >= 2), as well as significant downregulation of 48 other genes (FC <= 0.5). Interestingly, there were 104 Frankia genes upregulated in vitro that were also significantly upregulated in symbiosis with Alnus glutinosa, while the other 148 genes were not, showing that the physiology of in vitro fixation is markedly different from that under symbiotic conditions. In particular,in vitro fixing cells were seen to upregulate genes identified as coding for a nitrite reductase, and amidases that were not upregulated in symbiosis. Confirmatory assays for nitrite reductase showed that Frankia indeed reduced nitrite and used it as a nitrogen source. An Escherichia coli fosmid clone carrying the nirB region was able to grow better in the presence of 5 mM nitrite than without it, confirming the function of the genome region. The physiological pattern that emerges shows that Frankia undergoes nitrogen starvation that induces a molecular response different from that seen in symbiosis.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 14, 2020 - 12:10:04 PM
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Tristan Lurthy, Nicole Alloisio, Pascale Fournier, Stéphanie Anchisi, Alise Ponsero, et al.. Molecular response to nitrogen starvation by Frankia alni ACN14a revealed by transcriptomics and functional analysis with a fosmid library in Escherichia coli. Research in microbiology, 2018, 169 (2), pp.90-100. ⟨10.1016/j.resmic.2017.12.002⟩. ⟨hal-02479065⟩

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