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New insights into the Hadean mantle revealed by W-182 and highly siderophile element abundances of supracrustal rocks from the Nuvvuagittuq Greenstone Belt, Quebec, Canada

Abstract : Tungsten concentration and isotopic data, coupled with highly siderophile element (HSE) concentration and Os isotopic data for = 3.66 billion year-old ultramafic, mafic, and felsic supracrustal rocks from the Nuvvuagittuq Greenstone Belt, were investigated to place additional constraints on the nature and origin of W-182 heterogeneities in the early Earth. The absolute and relative abundances of HSE in the mafic and ultramafic rocks are generally similar to those in modern rocks with comparable MgO contents. Further, most samples plot close to 3.8 to 4.4 Ga reference lines on a Re-187-Os-187 isochron diagram, indicating that HSE abundances in most Nuvvuagittuq samples remained undisturbed by post-Eoarchean metamorphic events. All Nuvvuagittuq samples analyzed show well-resolved W-182 excesses, ranging from + 6 to + 17 ppm, compared with the modern isotopic composition of W. The observed level of HSE abundances, coupled with the W-182 enrichments of these rocks is seemingly inconsistent with their derivation from mantle that was isolated from a HSE-rich and W-182-depleted late accretionary component. However, the absence of correlation between W and MgO contents, as well as variable W enrichment relative to elements with similar incompatibilities suggest that the W in the Nuvvuagittuq samples involved fluid transport of the W in either the crust or the mantle, and that it has little genetic relationship with the HSE. Given the lack of evidence for extensive redistribution of W in the crust, the HSE and W elemental and isotopic systematics of the Nuvvuagittuq rocks may be explained by a model whereby peridotitic mantle, with modern-like HSE abundances, was metasomatized by fluids derived from a W-182-rich crustal component that had been recycled into the mantle via subduction or delamination. The source of the W-182 excess carried by this crustal component remains enigmatic. It was most likely inherited from either pre-late accretionary, or early-depleted parental mantle reservoirs. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02341455
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 31, 2019 - 1:39:51 PM
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Mathieu Touboul, Jingao Liu, Jonathan O'Neil, Igor S. Puchtel, Richard J. Walker. New insights into the Hadean mantle revealed by W-182 and highly siderophile element abundances of supracrustal rocks from the Nuvvuagittuq Greenstone Belt, Quebec, Canada. Chemical Geology, 2014, 383, pp.63--75. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.05.030⟩. ⟨hal-02341455⟩

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