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Tracking sources and transfer of contamination according to pollutants variety at the sediment-biota interface using a clam as bioindicator in peri-alpine lakes

Abstract : Point pollution sources may differently impact lakes littoral, possibly leading to local ecological risks. The concomitant chemical analysis of littoral-benthic organisms and sediment can provide insights into the bioavailability and thus the ecological risk of contaminants. In this study, the autochthonous Corbicula fluminea was used to assess the sources and transfer of six trace metals (TMs) and fourteen Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) to the littoral-benthic biota of a large lake. The contaminant concentrations spatially varied with a value scale from 1 to 280 000 times along the lake littoral in both the sediment and clams. Multiple linear regressions were performed to explain the spatial variability of Corbicula fluminea contamination by considering both watershed and in-lake sources. The concentration of the sum of PAHs in clams was significantly correlated with sediment contamination, suggesting that PAHs contamination of the benthic biota mainly occur from the sediment. Most of the internal TM concentrations of clams were significantly correlated with stormwater drainage areas in the lake watershed, highlighting the importance of stormwater runoffs in the littoral biota contamination. The transfer of TMs and PAHs was assessed through the bioconcentration factor defined as the ratio of internal and sediment concentrations. As, Cd, Cu, Zn and light molecular weight PAHs were more bio-concentrated in C. fluminea than Pb, Sn and heavy molecular weight PAHs, suggesting differences in their bioavailability. This study underlines the relevance of using autochthonous organisms as bioindicators of lake littoral biota contamination concomitantly with sediment matrices, and illustrates the challenge of tracking pollution sources in lakes.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 30, 2019 - 3:27:42 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 2, 2021 - 2:08:08 PM

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Nathalie Lécrivain, Antoine Duparc, Bernard Clément, Emmanuel Naffrechoux, Victor Frossard. Tracking sources and transfer of contamination according to pollutants variety at the sediment-biota interface using a clam as bioindicator in peri-alpine lakes. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2020, 238, pp.124569. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124569⟩. ⟨hal-02339803⟩

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