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Copper isotope effect in serum of cancer patients. A pilot study

Abstract : The isotope effect describes mass-dependent variations of natural isotope abundances for a particular element. In this pilot study, we measured the Cu-65/Cu-63 ratios in the serums of 20 breast and 8 colorectal cancer patients, which correspond to, respectively, 90 and 49 samples taken at different times with molecular biomarker documentation. Copper isotope compositions were determined by multiple-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). When compared with the literature data from a control group of 50 healthy blood donors, abundances of Cu isotopes predict mortality in the colorectal cancer group with a probability p = 0.018. For the breast cancer patients and the group of control women the probability goes down to p = 0.0006 and the AUC under the ROC curve is 0.75. Most patients considered in this preliminary study and with serum delta Cu-65 lower than the threshold value of -0.35 parts per thousand (per mil) did not survive. As a marker, a drop in delta Cu-65 precedes molecular biomarkers by several months. The observed decrease of delta Cu-65 in the serum of cancer patients is assigned to the extensive oxidative chelation of copper by cytosolic lactate. The potential of Cu isotope variability as a new diagnostic tool for breast and colorectal cancer seems strong. Shifts in Cu isotope compositions fingerprint cytosolic Cu chelation by lactate mono-and bidentates. This simple scheme provides a straightforward explanation for isotopically light Cu in the serum and isotopically heavy Cu in cancer cells: Cu+ escaping chelation by lactate and excreted into the blood stream is isotopically light. Low delta Cu-65 values in serum therefore reveal the strength of lactate production by the Warburg effect.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 25, 2019 - 6:23:58 PM
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Philippe Telouk, Alain Puisieux, Toshiyuki Fujii, Vincent Balter, Victor P. Bondanese, et al.. Copper isotope effect in serum of cancer patients. A pilot study. Metallomics, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015, 7 (2), pp.299-308. ⟨10.1039/c4mt00269e⟩. ⟨hal-02334192⟩



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