An automatically updated S-wavemodel of the upper mantle and the depth extent of azimuthal anisotropy

Abstract : We present 3D2015\₀7Sv, an S wave model of the upper mantle based on the waveform modeling of 1,359,470 Rayleigh waves recorded since 1976. The use of approximate forward theory and modeling allows updating the model with new data on a regular basis. 3D2015\₀7Sv contains azimuthal anisotropy, achieves a lateral resolution of similar to 600 km, and is consistent with other recent models up to degree 60 in the uppermost 200 km and degree 15 in the transition zone. Although radial anisotropy has been found to extend deeper beneath continents than beneath oceans, we find no such difference for azimuthal anisotropy, suggesting that beneath most continents, the alignment of olivine crystal is preferentially horizontal and azimuthally random at large scale. As most continents are located on slow moving plates, this supports the idea that azimuthal anisotropy aligns at large scale with the present plate motion only for plates faster than similar to 4 cm yr(-1).
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Fabien Dubuffet, Stephanie Durand, Eric Debayle. An automatically updated S-wavemodel of the upper mantle and the depth extent of azimuthal anisotropy. Geophysical Research Letters, 2016, 43 (2), pp.674-682. ⟨10.1002/2015GL067329⟩. ⟨hal-02331980⟩

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