Magnetic to magnetic and kinetic to magnetic energy transfers at the top of the Earth's core

Abstract : We develop the theory for the magnetic to magnetic and kinetic to magnetic energy transfer between different spherical harmonic degrees due to the interaction of fluid flow and radial magnetic field at the top of the Earth's core. We show that non-zero secular variation of the total magnetic energy could be significant and may provide evidence for the existence of stretching secular variation, which suggests the existence of radial motions at the top of the Earth's core-whole core convection or MAC waves. However, the uncertainties of the small scales of the geomagnetic field prevent a definite conclusion. Combining core field and flow models we calculate the detailed magnetic to magnetic and kinetic to magnetic energy transfer matrices. The magnetic to magnetic energy transfer shows a complex behaviour with local and non-local transfers. The spectra of magnetic to magnetic energy transfers show clear maxima and minima, suggesting an energy cascade. The kinetic to magnetic energy transfers, which are much weaker due to the weak poloidal flow, are either local or non-local between degree one and higher degrees. The patterns observed in the matrices resemble energy transfer patterns that are typically found in 3-D MHD numerical simulations.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 24, 2019 - 1:01:38 PM
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Ludovic Huguet, Hagay Amit, Thierry Alboussière. Magnetic to magnetic and kinetic to magnetic energy transfers at the top of the Earth's core. Geophysical Journal International, 2016, 207 (2), pp.934-948. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggw317⟩. ⟨hal-02331384⟩

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