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Stability of phase H in the MgSiO4H2-AlOOH-SiO(2)system

Abstract : The newly described hydrous phase H, MgSiO4H2, is stable to the pressures and temperatures of the Earth's lower mantle, suggesting that the Earth's lower mantle may participate in the cycling of water. We present the results of ab initiocalculations on the stability of this phase within the phase H-delta AlOOH-SiO(2)system between 20 and 60GPa, exploring the wide pressure-and temperature stability field of this mineral. We find that hydrogen in phase H is bonded in a single well at all pressures, and only the pure phase results in pressure-induced symmetrization, while the solid solution maintains asymmetric bonding to high pressure. Substitutions on octahedral sites are locally charge-balanced by H. Furthermore, small amounts of Al + H in SiO(2)stabilize the CaCl2-structure of SiO(2)to pressures as low as 20GPa while phase H and delta AlOOH form an ideal mixture at all pressures considered. The resulting structure is stable relative to the anhydrous assemblage of the Earth's lower mantle by 16-19kJ/mol. In alumina-rich phase H this increases the stability of the mineral by similar to 800K relative to the pure substance, making it potentially stable under lower mantle temperatures along typical geotherms. (C) 2017 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
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Wendy R. Panero, Razvan Caracas. Stability of phase H in the MgSiO4H2-AlOOH-SiO(2)system. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2017, 463, pp.171-177. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2017.01.033⟩. ⟨hal-02329508⟩



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