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Benthic foraminiferal bioevents in lower to upper Toarcian strata of Southern Beaujolais (SE France)

Abstract : This paper documents changes in benthic foraminiferal assemblages compared with high resolution ammonite biozonation along the lower Toarcian to upper Toarcian marine succession of Southern Beaujolais in southeastern France. Eight ammonite and three benthic foraminiferal zones including five subzones are distinguished based on the occurrence of twelve foraminiferal events. Each benthic foraminiferal subzone is characterized by its taxonomic and morphogroup composition, which represents the paleoecological response of these taxa and morphotypes of benthic foraminifera in the Early Jurassic and early Middle Jurassic. Major changes in abundance and diversity occur at the end of the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event (T-OAE) and near the Early-Middle Jurassic transition. The low-abundance foraminiferal assemblages recorded in the Serpentinus ammonite Zone are interpreted as reflecting adverse environmental conditions after the T-OAE. The later recovery and development of the foraminiferal assemblages is documented in the Bifrons up to the Aalensis zones and is attributed to improved bottom water oxygenation. Common occurrences of agglutinated foraminifera represented mostly by Trochammina pulchra Ziegler in the Dispensum Zone point to an influx of cooler water masses during the late Toarcian. The morphogroup analysis carried out on the foraminifera and their paleoecological interpretations shed light on the changes in the stratigraphic record at the end of the T-OAE up to the Toarcian/Aalenian boundary. (C) 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 22, 2019 - 5:08:48 PM
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Stefan Jozsa, Guillaume Suan, Jan Schlogl. Benthic foraminiferal bioevents in lower to upper Toarcian strata of Southern Beaujolais (SE France). Geobios, 2018, 51 (2), pp.137--150. ⟨10.1016/j.geobios.2018.02.006⟩. ⟨hal-02327159⟩



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