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Bedforms in a tidally modulated ridge and runnel shoreface (Berck-Plage; North France): implications for the geological record

Abstract : Tidally modulated shoreface (TMS) corresponds to peculiar costal environments. The general morphology and the expressed bedforms are provided by the interplay of both waves and tides. The recognition of TMS in the fossil record still remains a difficult task. The study of one mega-tidal modern TMS in the north of France (Berck-Plage) provides new key criteria to identify this kind of coastal system in the rock record. Field investigation and digital mapping were realized at lowest tide during spring tide under fair-weather condition. The intertidal zone is characterized by a succession of several sand banks shore parallel separated by topographic lows that are defined as ridges and runnels. Seven distinct dominant bedforms are recognized: 3D current ripples, 3D asymmetrical ripples, 2D symmetrical ripples, 2D small symmetrical dunes, 2D large symmetrical dunes, 3D symmetrical dunes and plane beds. The upper stage plane bedding mainly composed the ridges while the six other bedforms are commonly found within the runnels or on the flanks of the ridges. Comparison of the bedforms of Berck-Plage with previous experimental studies on bedforms genesis proves that the necessary flow parameters for generating these bedforms belong to an oscillatory flow except for the 3D current ripples, which are formed by a unidirectional flow. This study confirms the dominance of oscillatory structures through the intertidal zone in a mega-tidal context and show that wave processes are more powerful than tide processes for bedform generation although during fair weather conditions. Based on the timing of genesis, the description and the repeated pattern of distribution of bedforms between two ridges is highlighted thus helping to propose a theoretical facies sequence for an intertidal zone characterized by ridges and runnels applicable to ancient sedimentary successions.
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https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02327158
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 22, 2019 - 5:08:46 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 16, 2020 - 5:48:04 PM

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Romain Vaucher, Bernard Pittet, Sophie Passot, Philippe Grandjean, Thomas Humbert, et al.. Bedforms in a tidally modulated ridge and runnel shoreface (Berck-Plage; North France): implications for the geological record. BSGF earth sciences bulletin, Société géologique de France, 2018, 189 (1), ⟨10.1051/bsgf/2018004⟩. ⟨hal-02327158⟩

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