Transdimensional inversion of scattered body waves for 1D S-wave velocity structure Application to the Tengchong volcanic area, Southwestern China

Abstract : Inversion of receiver functions is commonly used to recover the S-wave velocity structure beneath seismic stations. Traditional approaches are based on deconvolved waveforms, where the horizontal component of P wave seismograms is deconvolved by the vertical component. Deconvolution of noisy seismograms is a numerically unstable process that needs to be stabilized by regularization parameters. This biases noise statistics, making it difficult to estimate uncertainties in observed receiver functions for Bayesian inference. This study proposes a method to directly invert observed radial waveforms and to better account for data noise in a Bayesian formulation. We illustrate its feasibility with two synthetic tests having different types of noises added to seismograms. Then, a real site application is performed to obtain the 1-D S-wave velocity structure beneath a seismic station located in the Tengchong volcanic area, Southwestern China. Surface wave dispersion measurements spanning periods from 8 to 65 s are jointly inverted with P waveforms. The results show a complex S wave velocity structure, as two low velocity zones are observed in the crust and uppermost mantle, suggesting the existence of magma chambers, or zones of partial melt. The upper magma chambers may be the heart source that cause the thermal activity on the surface.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 21, 2019 - 4:33:24 PM
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Mengkui Li, Shuangxi Zhang, Thomas Bodin, Xu Lin, Tengfei Wu. Transdimensional inversion of scattered body waves for 1D S-wave velocity structure Application to the Tengchong volcanic area, Southwestern China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2018, 159, pp.60--68. ⟨10.1016/j.jseaes.2018.03.015⟩. ⟨hal-02323010⟩

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