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Decoupling a hole spin qubit from the nuclear spins

Abstract : A huge effort is underway to develop semiconductor nanostructures as low-noise hosts for qubits. The main source of dephasing of an electron spin qubit in a GaAs-based system is the nuclear spin bath. A hole spin may circumvent the nuclear spin noise. In principle, the nuclear spins can be switched off for a pure heavy-hole spin. In practice, it is unknown to what extent this ideal limit can be achieved. A major hindrance is that p-type devices are often far too noisy. We investigate here a single hole spin in an InGaAs quantum dot embedded in a new generation of low-noise p-type device. We measure the hole Zeeman energy in a transverse magnetic field with 10 neV resolution by dark-state spectroscopy as we create a large transverse nuclear spin polarization. The hole hyperfine interaction is highly anisotropic: the transverse coupling is <1% of the longitudinal coupling. For unpolarized, randomly fluctuating nuclei, the ideal heavy-hole limit is achieved down to nanoelectronvolt energies; equivalently dephasing times up to a microsecond. The combination of large and strong optical dipole makes the single hole spin in a GaAs-based device an attractive quantum platform.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 17, 2019 - 2:49:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 2, 2020 - 10:48:06 AM

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Jonathan H. Prechtel, Andreas V. Kuhlmann, Julien Houel, Arne Ludwig, Sascha R. Valentin, et al.. Decoupling a hole spin qubit from the nuclear spins. Nature Materials, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 15, pp.981-986. ⟨10.1038/NMAT4704⟩. ⟨hal-02290221⟩



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