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Classification of plastic materials by imaging laser-induced ablation plumes

Abstract : A method of rapid classification and identification of plastic materials has been studied in this work. Such method is based on fast spectroscopic imagery of laser-induced ablation plume on plastics to be analyzed. More specifically, a classification schema has been developed first according to the nature of the CC bonds which characterize the polymer matrix. Our results show that the spatial distribution and the evolution of the molecular species in the ablation plume, such as C2 and CN, exhibit clear different behaviors for polymers without any native CC bond, with CC single bonds or with CC double bonds respectively. Therefore the morphological parameters of the populations of the molecular species extracted from the time-resolved spectroscopic images of the plumes provide efficient indicators to classify the polymers characterized by the above mentioned different kinds of CC bonds. When dealing with different polymers with the same kind of CC bond, CC single bond for instance, other indicators should be introduced to provide the further discrimination. Such indicators can be for example a specific native molecular bond other than CC bonds, CN for example, the total emission intensity of which may exhibit specific time evolution. The robustness of the developed classification schema has been then studied with respect to two of the most frequently used additives in plastics fabrication, graphite and titanium. Our results show a negligible influence of these additives in the morphology of the populations of the molecular species when such additives are mixed into the polymer matrix with the percentages usually used in plastics productions, which demonstrates the validity of the developed classification schema for plastics.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 17, 2019 - 2:49:19 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 26, 2021 - 3:52:21 PM

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Erwan Negre, Vincent Motto-Ros, Frederic Pelascini, Jin Yu. Classification of plastic materials by imaging laser-induced ablation plumes. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Elsevier, 2016, 122, pp.132-141. ⟨10.1016/j.sab.2016.06.009⟩. ⟨hal-02290220⟩

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