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Can tooth differentiation help to understand species coexistence? The case of wood mice in China

R. Ledevin Jp. Quéré Jr. Michaud Sabrina Renaud 1 
1 Ecologie et évolution des populations
Département écologie évolutive [LBBE]
Abstract : Five wood mice Apodemus species occur across China, in allopatry but also in sympatry up to cases of syntopy. They all share a similar external appearance, similar habitats of grasslands and forests and a generalist feeding behaviour. This overall similarity raises questions about the mechanisms insuring competition avoidance and allowing the coexistence of the species. In this context, a morphometric analysis of two characters related to feeding (mandible and molar) addressed the following issues: (1) Were the species actually different in size and/or shape of these characters, supporting their role in resource partitioning? (2) Did this pattern of phenotypic divergence match the neutral genetic differentiation, suggesting that differentiation might have occurred in a former phase of allopatry as a result of stochastic processes? (3) Did the species provide evidence of character displacement when occurring in sympatry, supporting an ongoing role of competition in the interspecific divergence? Results evidenced first that different traits, here mandibles and molars, provided discrepant pictures of the evolution of the Apodemus group in China. Mandible shape appeared as prone to vary in response to local conditions, blurring any phylogenetic or ecological pattern, whereas molar shape evolution appeared to be primarily driven by the degree of genetic differentiation. Molar size and shape segregated the different species in the morphospace, suggesting that these features may be involved in a resource partitioning between Apodemus species. The morphological segregation of the species, likely achieved by processes of differentiation in isolation promoted by the complex landscape of China, could contribute to competition avoidance and hence explain why no evidence was found of character displacement.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 17, 2019 - 10:35:42 AM
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R. Ledevin, Jp. Quéré, Jr. Michaud, Sabrina Renaud. Can tooth differentiation help to understand species coexistence? The case of wood mice in China. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, Wiley, 2012, 50 (4), pp.315--327. ⟨10.1111/j.1439-0469.2012.00666.x⟩. ⟨hal-02289805⟩



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