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Watching the Vibration and Cooling of Ultrathin Gold Nanotriangles by Ultrafast X-ray Diffraction

Abstract : We study the vibrations of ultrathin gold nanotriangles upon optical excitation of the electron gas by ultrafast X-ray diffraction. We quantitatively measure the strain evolution in these highly asymmetric nano-objects, providing a direct estimation of the amplitude and phase of the excited vibrational motion. The maximal strain value is well reproduced by calculations addressing pump absorption by the nanotriangles and their resulting thermal expansion. The amplitude and phase of the out-of-plane vibration mode with 3.6 ps period dominating the observed oscillations are related to two distinct excitation mechanisms. Electronic and phonon pressures impose stresses with different time dependences. The nanosecond relaxation of the expansion yields a direct temperature sensing of the nano-object. The presence of a thin organic molecular layer at the nanotriangle/substrate interfaces drastically reduces the thermal conductance to the substrate.
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https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02289458
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Submitted on : Monday, September 16, 2019 - 5:01:34 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 15, 2020 - 8:54:03 AM

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A. von Reppert, R. M. Sarhan, F. Stete, J. Pudell, N. del Fatti, et al.. Watching the Vibration and Cooling of Ultrathin Gold Nanotriangles by Ultrafast X-ray Diffraction. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, American Chemical Society, 2016, 120, pp.28894-28899. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b11651⟩. ⟨hal-02289458⟩

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