Intra-Thoracic Chemo-Hyperthermia for pleural recurrence of thymoma

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Pleural recurrences are a hallmark of thymomas, and represent a challenge for multidisciplinary management. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and the results in terms of morbidity, mortality and survival rates, of Intra-Thoracic Chemo-Hyperthermia (ITCH) for the treatment of pleural recurrences of thymomas. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 19 consecutives patients between 1997 and 2015 treated by surgical cytoreduction (pleurectomy) followed by ITCH with 25mg/m2 of mitomycin, and 50mg/m2 of Cisplatin. RESULTS: There were 8 men and 11 women with a median age of 44 years. ITCH was combined with pleurectomy alone in 4 (22%) patients, pleurectomy and wedge resections in 14 (74%) patients; 1 (5%) patient had a pleuropneumonectomy. There were no perioperative deaths, and 5 patients (26%) presented with postoperative complication, including 3 (16%) cases related to chemotherapy (one case of reversible grade 2 bone marrow aplasia, and 2 cases of reversible, acute kidney failure). The median length of stay in intensive care unit and hospital were 1day and 10days, respectively. After a median follow-up period of 39 months (range 10-127 months), median disease-free survival was 42 months. Five patients (26%) died during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that ITCH is a feasible option for selected patients with pleural recurrence of thymomas. ITCH clearly provides long local control, without major safety issues, and prolonged survival may be achieved in selected patients. This therapeutic option should be discussed at a multidisciplinary tumor board.
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https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02191893
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 23, 2019 - 4:57:14 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 24, 2019 - 1:32:50 AM

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Jean-Michel Maury, Nicolas Girard, M. Tabutin, R. Grima, L. Chalabreysse, et al.. Intra-Thoracic Chemo-Hyperthermia for pleural recurrence of thymoma. Lung Cancer, 2017, 108, pp.1-6. ⟨10.1016/j.lungcan.2017.02.014⟩. ⟨hal-02191893⟩

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