Beyond Adherence Thresholds: A Simulation Study of the Optimal Classification of Longitudinal Adherence Trajectories From Medication Refill Histories

Abstract : Background: The description of adherence based on medication refill histories relies on the estimation of continuous medication availability (CMA) during an observation period. Thresholds to distinguish adherence from non-adherence typically refer to an aggregated value across the entire observation period, disregarding differences in adherence over time. Sliding windows to divide the observation period into smaller portions, estimating adherence for these increments, and classify individuals with similar trajectories into clusters can retain this temporal information. Optimal methods to estimate adherence trajectories to identify underlying patterns have not yet been established. This simulation study aimed to provide guidance for future studies by analyzing the effect of different longitudinal adherence estimates, sliding window parameters, and sample characteristics on the performance of a longitudinal clustering algorithm.
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Samuel Allemann, Dan Dediu, Alexandra Dima. Beyond Adherence Thresholds: A Simulation Study of the Optimal Classification of Longitudinal Adherence Trajectories From Medication Refill Histories. Frontiers in Pharmacology, Frontiers, 2019, 10, ⟨10.3389/fphar.2019.00383⟩. ⟨hal-02167865⟩

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