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Spatial and Temporal Epidemiology of Nephropathia Epidemica Incidence and Hantavirus Seroprevalence in Rodent Hosts: Identification of the Main Environmental Factors in Europe

Abstract : In Europe, the increasing number of nephropathia epidemica (NE) infections in humans, caused by Puumala virus carried by bank voles (Myodes glareolus), has triggered studies of environmental factors driving these infections. NE infections have been shown to occur in specific geographical areas characterized by environmental factors that influence the distribution and dynamics of host populations and virus persistence in the soil. Here, we review the influence of environmental conditions (including climate factors, food availability and habitat conditions) with respect to incidence in humans and seroprevalence in rodents, considering both direct and indirect transmission pathways. For each type of environmental factor, results and discrepancies between studies are presented and examined in the light of biological hypotheses. Overall, food availability and temperature appear to be the main drivers of host seroprevalence and NE incidence, but data quality and statistical approaches varied greatly among studies. We highlight the issues that now need to be addressed and suggest improvements for study design in regard to the current knowledge on hantavirus epidemiology.
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https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02053630
Contributor : Lauriane Pillet <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 1, 2019 - 2:33:39 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 25, 2020 - 3:01:15 AM

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E. Monchatre-Leroy, L. Crespin, F. Boue, P. Marianneau, D. Calavas, et al.. Spatial and Temporal Epidemiology of Nephropathia Epidemica Incidence and Hantavirus Seroprevalence in Rodent Hosts: Identification of the Main Environmental Factors in Europe. Transboundary and emerging diseases, Wiley-Blackwell, 2016, 64 (4), pp.1210-1228. ⟨10.1111/tbed.12494⟩. ⟨hal-02053630⟩

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