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A new genome-wide method to track horizontally transferred sequences: application to Drosophila

L. Modolo Franck Picard 1 E. Lerat 
1 Statistique en grande dimension pour la génomique
PEGASE - Département PEGASE [LBBE]
Abstract : Because of methodological breakthroughs and the availability of an increasing amount of whole-genome sequence data, horizontal transfers (HTs) in eukaryotes have received much attention recently. Contrary to similar analyses in prokaryotes, most studies in eukaryotes usually investigate particular sequences corresponding to transposable elements (TEs), neglecting the other components of the genome. We present a new methodological framework for the genome-wide detection of all putative horizontally transferred sequences between two species that requires no prior knowledge of the transferred sequences. This method provides a broader picture of HTs in eukaryotes by fully exploiting complete-genome sequence data. In contrast to previous genome-wide approaches, we used a well-defined statistical framework to control for the number of false positives in the results, and we propose two new validation procedures to control for confounding factors. The first validation procedure relies on a comparative analysis with other species of the phylogeny to validate HTs for the nonrepeated sequences detected, whereas the second one built upon the study of the dynamics of the detected TEs. We applied our method to two closely related Drosophila species, Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans, in which we discovered 10 new HTs in addition to all the HTs previously detected in different studies, which underscores our method's high sensitivity and specificity. Our results favor the hypothesis of multiple independent HTs of TEs while unraveling a small portion of the network of HTs in the Drosophila phylogeny.
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https://hal-univ-lyon1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02045117
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 21, 2019 - 6:09:59 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 18, 2022 - 4:24:29 AM

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L. Modolo, Franck Picard, E. Lerat. A new genome-wide method to track horizontally transferred sequences: application to Drosophila. Genome Biology and Evolution, 2014, 6 (2), pp.416-32. ⟨10.1093/gbe/evu026⟩. ⟨hal-02045117⟩

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