Preparation and characterization of an activated carbon from a date stones variety by physical activation with carbon dioxide

Abstract : Activated carbons are commonly used in the treatment of waste water, namely as decontaminating agent of phenolic compounds. This work deals with the preparation of an activated carbon from an abundant local variety of date stones know Ghars. This natural product is largely exploited as a principal nutriment for animals alimentation. Two steps of the activation process are involved in this study, first, a physical treatment by carbon dioxide and second, the characterization of the resulting activated carbon followed by modelization procedure using 4-chlorophenol as test substrate. On the basis of the BET results, we have obtained a specific surface of 604 m2/g and microspores volumes of 0.29 cm3 g−1. In addition, the adsorption capacity was about 28.57 mg/g according to Langmuir model. The physical activation method utilized in this task was achieved by using carbon dioxide. Textural characteristics of the resulting activated carbon were carried out by nitrogen adsorption at 77 K along with application of BET equation for determination of surface area. Total volume of pores was determined by ˛s method. External surface area, micropore area and micropore volume were determined by t-plot method. The comparison of raw material, pyrolysât vis-à-vis the activated carbon was based on the elemental analysis of the principal elements. The adsorption capacity of the different prepared activated carbons was tested by using 4-chlorophenol as substrate.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 22, 2018 - 11:56:05 AM
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Mohamed Sekirifa, Mahfoud Hadj-Mahammed, Stéphanie Pallier, Lotfi Baameur, Dominique Richard, et al.. Preparation and characterization of an activated carbon from a date stones variety by physical activation with carbon dioxide. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Elsevier, 2013, 99, pp.155 - 160. ⟨10.1016/j.jaap.2012.10.007⟩. ⟨hal-01930784⟩

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