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Influence of the β parameter of the Haverkamp model on the transient soil water infiltration curve

Abstract : Soil water infiltration can be described with the quasi-analytical Haverkamp et al. (1994) equation, defined by the hydraulic conductivity (Ks), sorptivity (S) and the β parameter. Ks and S are commonly estimated from the transient cumulative infiltration curve, using a constant β value. The objective of this work was to study the influence of β on the estimation of Ks and S. The study was first performed on synthetic 1-D infiltration curves generated at different infiltration times for loam sandy, loamy and silty soils, and next extrapolated to a 3-D loam synthetic soil and on 10 infiltrations curves measured on the field with a disc infiltrometer on different types of soils. The infiltration measurements lasted between 600 and 900 s. The results showed that, while early infiltration times (i.e. 100 s) promoted good estimations for S, longer infiltrations (i.e. 1.000 s) were required to estimate accurately Ks. Only very long infiltration (i.e. 10.000 s) allowed defining the actual β value. A similar behaviour was observed for the 3-D infiltration measurements. Except for β, significant relationships (R2 = 0.99) were obtained between the Ks and S of the three theoretical soils and the corresponding values calculated by optimizing the three hydraulic parameters on 2.000 s 1-D infiltration curves. The large confidence interval observed in β (between 0.3 and 2.0) resulted from the fact that β had a small effect on the infiltration curve. A significant relationship (R2 = 0.99) was also obtained between the Ks and S optimized from the experimental curves using a β = 1.1 and the corresponding values obtained by simultaneous optimization of the three hydraulic parameters. These results demonstrated that S and Ks can be accurately estimated using a constant β and that downward infiltration is not an appropriate procedure to estimate β.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 23, 2018 - 2:38:40 PM
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B. Latorre, D. Moret-Fernández, L. Lassabatère, M. Rahmati, M.V. López, et al.. Influence of the β parameter of the Haverkamp model on the transient soil water infiltration curve. Journal of Hydrology, Elsevier, 2018, 564, pp.222 - 229. ⟨10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.07.006⟩. ⟨hal-01847302⟩



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