Splenic diffuse red pulp lymphoma has a distinct pattern of somatic mutations amongst B-cell malignancies

Abstract : Splenic Diffuse Red Pulp Lymphoma (SDRPL) has been recently introduced as a provisional entity but differential diagnosis with other splenic lymphomas is needed to be clarified since the therapeutic approaches are distinct. Recently described recurrent mutations or CD180 expression appear useful for differential diagnosis. We completed our previous description in a larger cohort including 53 patients selected on the presence of characteristic villous cells in peripheral blood (PB) and a specific immunophenotype. Immunoglobulin heavy variable (IGHV), BRAF, MYD88, and NOTCH2 mutations were determined and CD180 and BRAF expressions were assessed. Most cases (79%) were IGHV mutated with an overrepresentation of IGHV3-23 (19%) and IGHV4-34 (21%). MYD88 L265P and NOTCH2 mutations were observed in one case each, whereas no BRAF V600E mutation or expression was found. All cases demonstrated a high CD180 expression. Those results strengthen the concept that SDRPL does emerge as a new lymphoma entity distinct from the other splenic lymphomas with circulating lymphocytes
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Submitted on : Friday, May 18, 2018 - 4:38:41 PM
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A. Traverse-Glehen, A. Verney, S. Gazzo, L. Jallades, K. Chabane, et al.. Splenic diffuse red pulp lymphoma has a distinct pattern of somatic mutations amongst B-cell malignancies. Leukemia & lymphoma, Taylor & Francis, 2017, 58, pp.666-675. ⟨10.1080/10428194.2016.1196813⟩. ⟨hal-01795706⟩

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