M. A. Amorim, B. Isableu, and M. Jarraya, Embodied spatial transformations: "Body analogy" for the mental rotation of objects., Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, vol.135, issue.3, pp.327-347, 2006.
DOI : 10.1037/0096-3445.135.3.327

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00579448

M. Annett, Spatial ability in subgroups of left-and right-handers, British Journal of Psychology, vol.83, issue.4, pp.493-515, 1992.
DOI : 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1992.tb02455.x

M. Baenninger and N. Newcombe, The role of experience in spatial test performance: A meta-analysis, Sex Roles, vol.13, issue.5, pp.327-345, 1989.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00287729

G. P. Band and A. Kok, Age effects on response monitoring in a mental-rotation task, Biological Psychology, vol.51, issue.2-3, pp.201-221, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-0511(99)00038-1

J. Barnes, R. J. Howard, C. Senior, M. Brammer, E. T. Bullmore et al., Cortical activity during rotational and linear transformations, Neuropsychologia, vol.38, issue.8, pp.1148-1156, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0028-3932(00)00025-7

G. Berlucchi and S. M. Aglioti, The body in the brain: neural bases of corporeal awareness, Trends in Neurosciences, vol.20, issue.12, pp.560-564, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0166-2236(97)01136-3

S. Bode, S. Koeneke, and L. Jäncke, Different strategies do not moderate primary motor cortex involvement in mental rotation: a TMS study, Behavioral and Brain Functions, vol.3, issue.1, p.38, 2007.
DOI : 10.1186/1744-9081-3-38

M. J. Brosnan, Spatial Ability in Children's Play with Lego Blocks, Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol.118, issue.1, pp.19-28, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/0191-8869(95)00029-6

M. Carpenter and D. R. Proffitt, Comparing viewer and array mental rotations in different planes, Memory & Cognition, vol.26, issue.3, pp.441-448, 2001.
DOI : 10.1037/0278-7393.26.1.151

M. S. Cohen, S. M. Kosslyn, H. C. Breiter, G. J. Digirolamo, W. L. Thompson et al., Changes in cortical activity during mental rotation A mapping study using functional MRI, Brain, vol.119, issue.1, pp.89-100, 1996.
DOI : 10.1093/brain/119.1.89

L. A. Cooper and R. N. Shepard, CHRONOMETRIC STUDIES OF THE ROTATION OF MENTAL IMAGES, Visual Information Processing, pp.75-176, 1973.
DOI : 10.1016/B978-0-12-170150-5.50009-3

J. Decety, J. Grezes, D. Perani, M. Jeannerod, E. Procyk et al., Brain activity during observation of actions. Influence of action content and subject's strategy, Brain, vol.120, issue.10, pp.1763-1777, 1997.
DOI : 10.1093/brain/120.10.1763

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00655257

D. Lisi, R. Cammarano, and D. M. , Computer experience and gender differences in undergraduate mental rotation performance, Computers in Human Behavior, vol.12, issue.3, pp.351-361, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0747-5632(96)00013-1

C. De-'sperati and N. Stucchi, Motor imagery and visual event recognition, Experimental Brain Research, vol.133, issue.2, pp.273-278, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s002210000408

I. E. Dror, S. M. Kosslyn, and W. L. Waag, Visual-spatial abilities of pilots., Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.78, issue.5, pp.763-773, 1993.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-9010.78.5.763

I. E. Dror and S. M. Kosslyn, Mental imagery and aging., Psychology and Aging, vol.9, issue.1, pp.90-102, 1994.
DOI : 10.1037/0882-7974.9.1.90

M. Funk, P. Brugger, and F. Wilkening, Motor processes in children's imagery: the case of mental rotation of hands, Developmental Science, vol.68, issue.5, pp.402-408, 2005.
DOI : 10.3758/BF03204268

A. X. Garg, G. Norman, and L. Sperotable, How medical students learn spatial anatomy, The Lancet, vol.357, issue.9253, pp.363-364, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(00)03649-7

M. D. Griffiths, M. N. Davies, and D. Chappell, Demographic Factors and Playing Variables in Online Computer Gaming, CyberPsychology & Behavior, vol.7, issue.4, pp.479-487, 2004.
DOI : 10.1089/cpb.2004.7.479

A. Guillot, S. Champely, C. Batier, P. Thiriet, and . C. Collet, Relationship Between Spatial Abilities, Mental Rotation and Functional Anatomy Learning Advances in Health Sciences Education, pp.491-507, 2007.

A. Guillot, M. Louis, P. Thiriet, and C. Collet, The effects of expertise level and motor skill characteristics on mental rotation, New psychological tests and testing research, pp.231-241, 2007.

A. Guillot, C. Collet, V. A. Nguyen, F. Malouin, C. Richards et al., Brain activity during visual versus kinesthetic imagery: An fMRI study, Human Brain Mapping, vol.16, issue.7, pp.2157-2172, 2009.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1995.sp020554

E. Hampson, Variations in sex-related cognitive abilities across the menstrual cycle, Brain and Cognition, vol.14, issue.1, pp.26-43, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0278-2626(90)90058-V

I. M. Harris, G. F. Egan, C. Sonkkila, H. J. Tochon-danguy, G. Paxinos et al., Selective right parietal lobe activation during mental rotation, Brain, vol.123, issue.1, pp.65-73, 2000.
DOI : 10.1097/00004728-199801000-00028

URL : https://academic.oup.com/brain/article-pdf/123/1/65/17874280/1230065.pdf

M. Hegarty, M. Keehner, and C. Cohen, The Role of Spatial Cognition in Medicine: Applications for Selecting and Training Professionals Applied Spatial Cognition, pp.285-317, 2008.

M. Heil and P. Jansen-osmann, Children's left parietal brain activation during mental rotation is reliable as well as specific, Cognitive Development, vol.22, issue.2, pp.280-288, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cogdev.2006.10.004

C. Hertzog, M. C. Vernon, and B. Rypma, Age Differences in Mental Rotation Task Performance: The Influence of Speed/Accuracy Tradeoffs, Journal of Gerontology, vol.48, issue.3, pp.150-156, 1993.
DOI : 10.1093/geronj/48.3.P150

N. Hoyek, C. Collet, O. Rastello, P. Fargier, P. Thiriet et al., Enhancement of Mental Rotation Abilities and Its Effect on Anatomy Learning, Teaching and Learning in Medicine, vol.1, issue.3, pp.201-206, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s10459-006-9021-7

C. K. Hooven, C. F. Chabris, P. T. Ellison, and S. M. Kosslyn, The relationship of male testosterone to components of mental rotation, Neuropsychologia, vol.42, issue.6, pp.782-790, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2003.11.012

S. Ionta, A. D. Fourkas, M. Fiorio, and S. M. Aglioti, The influence of hands posture on mental rotation of hands and feet, Experimental Brain Research, vol.24, issue.2, pp.1-7, 2007.
DOI : 10.3758/BF03204268

S. Iwaki, S. Ueno, T. Imada, and M. Tonoike, Dynamic cortical activation in mental image processing revealed by biomagnetic measurement, NeuroReport, vol.10, issue.8, pp.1793-1797, 1999.
DOI : 10.1097/00001756-199906030-00031

P. Jansen-osmann and M. Heil, Developmental aspects of parietal hemispheric asymmetry during mental rotation, NeuroReport, vol.18, issue.2, pp.175-178, 2007.
DOI : 10.1097/WNR.0b013e328010ff6b

S. H. Johnson, Thinking ahead: the case for motor imagery in prospective judgements of prehension, Cognition, vol.74, issue.1, pp.33-70, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0010-0277(99)00063-3

K. Jordan, H. J. Heinze, K. Lutz, M. Kanowski, and L. Jancke, Cortical Activations during the Mental Rotation of Different Visual Objects, NeuroImage, vol.13, issue.1, pp.143-152, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/nimg.2000.0677

K. Jordan, T. Wüstenberg, H. J. Heinze, M. Peters, and L. Jancke, Women and men exhibit different cortical activation patterns during mental rotation tasks, Neuropsychologia, vol.40, issue.13, pp.2397-2408, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0028-3932(02)00076-3

S. J. Kass, R. H. Ahlers, and M. Dugger, Eliminating Gender Differences Through Practice in an Applied Visual Spatial Task. Human Performance, pp.337-349, 1998.

H. Kawamichi, Y. Kikuchi, M. Noriuchi, A. Senoo, and S. Ueno, Distinct neural correlates underlying two- and three-dimensional mental rotations using three-dimensional objects, Brain Research, vol.1144, pp.117-126, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.brainres.2007.01.082

M. Keehner, F. Tendick, M. W. Meng, H. P. Anwar, M. Hegarty et al., Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgery, The American Journal of Surgery, vol.188, issue.1, pp.71-75, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2003.12.059

S. M. Kosslyn, G. J. Digirolamo, W. L. Thompson, and N. M. Alpert, Mental rotation of objects versus hands: Neural mechanisms revealed by positron emission tomography, Psychophysiology, vol.35, issue.2, pp.151-161, 1998.
DOI : 10.1111/1469-8986.3520151

S. M. Kosslyn, W. L. Thompson, M. Wraga, and N. A. Alpert, Imagining rotation by endogenous versus exogenous forces: Distinct neural mechanisms, Neuroreport, vol.12, issue.11, pp.2519-2525, 2001.
DOI : 10.1097/00001756-200108080-00046

K. Kucian, M. Von-aster, T. Loenneker, T. Dietrich, F. W. Mast et al., Brain activation during mental rotation in school children and adults, Journal of Neural Transmission, vol.15, issue.7, pp.675-686, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/S1053-8119(03)00038-7

M. Linn and A. C. Petersen, Emergence and Characterization of Sex Differences in Spatial Ability: A Meta-Analysis, Child Development, vol.56, issue.6, pp.1479-1498, 1985.
DOI : 10.2307/1130467

G. S. Marmor, Development of kinetic images: When does the child first represent movement in mental images?, Cognitive Psychology, vol.7, issue.4, pp.548-559, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/0010-0285(75)90022-5

G. S. Marmor, Mental rotation and number conservation: are they related? Developmental Psychology, pp.320-325, 1977.

J. Metzler and R. N. Shepard, Transformational studies of the internal representation of three-dimensional objects, Theories in cognitive psychology. The Loyola Symposium, pp.147-201, 1974.

E. Naito, Controllability of motor imagery and transformation of visual imagery. Perception and Motor Skills, pp.479-487, 1994.

L. Okagaki and P. A. Frensch, Effects of video game playing on measures of spatial performance: Gender effects in late adolescence, Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, vol.15, issue.1, pp.33-58, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0193-3973(94)90005-1

L. S. Overney, C. M. Michel, I. M. Harris, and A. J. Pegna, Cerebral processes in mental transformations of body parts: Recognition prior to rotation, Cognitive Brain Research, vol.25, issue.3, pp.722-734, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2005.09.024

S. Ozel, J. Larue, and C. Molinaro, Relation Between Sport and Spatial Imagery: Comparison of Three Groups of Participants, The Journal of Psychology, vol.138, issue.1, pp.49-63, 2004.
DOI : 10.3200/JRLP.138.1.49-64

L. M. Parsons, Temporal and kinematic properties of motor behavior reflected in mentally simulated action., Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, vol.20, issue.4, pp.709-730, 1994.
DOI : 10.1037/0096-1523.20.4.709

M. Peters, Sex differences and the factor of time in solving Vandenberg and Kuse mental rotation problems, Brain and Cognition, vol.57, issue.2, pp.176-184, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.bandc.2004.08.052

M. Peters, B. Laeng, K. Latham, M. Jackson, R. Zaiyouna et al., A Redrawn Vandenberg and Kuse Mental Rotations Test - Different Versions and Factors That Affect Performance, Brain and Cognition, vol.28, issue.1, pp.39-58, 1995.
DOI : 10.1006/brcg.1995.1032

M. Peters, J. T. Manning, and S. Reimers, The Effects of Sex, Sexual Orientation, and Digit Ratio (2D:4D) on Mental Rotation Performance, Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol.10, issue.Suppl. 4, pp.251-260, 2007.
DOI : 10.2466/pms.1978.47.2.599

L. S. Petit, A. J. Pegna, E. Mayer, and C. A. Hauert, Representation of anatomical constraints in motor imagery: Mental rotation of a body segment, Brain and Cognition, vol.51, issue.1, pp.95-101, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0278-2626(02)00526-2

L. S. Petit, A. J. Pegna, I. M. Harris, and C. M. Michel, Automatic motor cortex activation for natural as compared to awkward grips of a manipulable object, Experimental Brain Research, vol.41, issue.3, pp.120-130, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s00221-005-0092-0

C. Quaiser-pohl, C. Geiser, and W. Lehmann, The relationship between computer-game preference, gender, and mental-rotation ability, Personality and Individual Differences, vol.40, issue.3, pp.609-619, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.paid.2005.07.015

W. Richter, K. Ugurbil, A. Georgopoulos, and S. G. Kim, Time-resolved fMRI of mental rotation, NeuroReport, vol.8, issue.17, pp.3697-3702, 1997.
DOI : 10.1097/00001756-199712010-00008

W. Richter, R. Somorjai, R. Summers, and M. Jarmasz, Motor Area Activity During Mental Rotation Studied by Time-Resolved Single-Trial fMRI, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, vol.1, issue.2, pp.310-320, 2000.
DOI : 10.1006/nimg.1997.0279

D. A. Risucci, Visual spatial perception and surgical competence, The American Journal of Surgery, vol.184, issue.3, pp.291-295, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9610(02)00937-6

J. E. Roberts and M. A. Bell, Sex Differences on a Computerized Mental Rotation Task Disappear with Computer Familiarization, Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol.91, issue.3_suppl, pp.1027-1034, 2000.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-2909.117.2.250

K. Rochford, Spatial learning disabilities and underachievement among university anatomy students, Medical Education, vol.69, issue.1, pp.13-26, 1985.
DOI : 10.1111/j.2044-8279.1961.tb01712.x

S. Schöning, A. Engelien, H. Kugel, S. Schäfer, H. Schiffbauer et al., Functional anatomy of visuo-spatial working memory during mental rotation is influenced Rotation mentale et processus moteurs 39, 2007.

R. N. Shepard and J. Metzler, Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects, Science, vol.171, issue.3972, pp.701-703, 1971.
DOI : 10.1126/science.171.3972.701

B. Tomasino and R. I. Rumiati, Effects of Strategies on Mental Rotation and Hemispheric Lateralization: Neuropsychological Evidence, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, vol.35, issue.5, pp.878-888, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0028-3932(99)00012-3

B. Tomasino, A. Toraldo, and R. I. Rumiati, Dissociation between the mental rotation of visual images and motor images in unilateral brain-damaged patients, Brain and Cognition, vol.51, issue.3, pp.368-371, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0278-2626(02)00570-5

S. Vandenberg and A. Kuse, Mental Rotations, a Group Test of Three-Dimensional Spatial Visualization, Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol.47, issue.2, pp.599-604, 1978.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01066180

C. D. Vargas, E. Olivier, L. Craighero, L. Fadiga, J. R. Duhamel et al., The Influence of Hand Posture on Corticospinal Excitability during Motor Imagery: A Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Study, Cerebral Cortex, vol.14, issue.11, pp.1200-1206, 2004.
DOI : 10.1093/cercor/bhh080

G. Vingerhoets, P. Santens, K. Van-laere, P. Lahorte, R. A. Dierckx et al., Regional Brain Activity during Different Paradigms of Mental Rotation in Healthy Volunteers: A Positron Emission Tomography Study, NeuroImage, vol.13, issue.2, pp.381-391, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/nimg.2000.0690

G. Vingerhoets, F. P. De-lange, P. Vandemaele, K. Deblaere, and E. Achten, Motor Imagery in Mental Rotation: An fMRI Study, NeuroImage, vol.17, issue.3, pp.1623-1633, 2002.
DOI : 10.1006/nimg.2002.1290

D. Voyer, S. Voyer, and M. P. Bryden, Magnitude of sex differences in spatial abilities: A meta-analysis and consideration of critical variables., Psychological Bulletin, vol.117, issue.2, pp.250-270, 1995.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-2909.117.2.250

K. R. Wanzel, S. J. Hamstra, D. J. Anastakis, E. D. Matsumoto, and M. D. Cusimano, Effect of visual-spatial ability on learning of spatially-complex surgical skills, The Lancet, vol.359, issue.9302, pp.230-231, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)07441-X

K. R. Wanzel, S. J. Hamstra, M. F. Caminiti, D. J. Anastakis, E. D. Grober et al., Visual-spatial ability correlates with efficiency of hand motion and successful surgical performance, Surgery, vol.134, issue.5, pp.750-757, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0039-6060(03)00248-4

K. R. Wanzel, D. J. Anastakis, M. P. Mcandrews, E. D. Grober, R. S. Sidhu et al., Visual???spatial ability and fMRI cortical activation in surgery residents, The American Journal of Surgery, vol.193, issue.4, pp.507-510, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2006.11.011

M. Wexler, S. M. Kosslyn, and A. Berthoz, Motor processes in mental rotation, Cognition, vol.68, issue.1, pp.77-94, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0010-0277(98)00032-8

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00000099

G. Wiedenbauer and P. Jansen-osmann, Manual training of mental rotation in children. Learning and instruction, pp.30-41, 2008.

C. Windischberger, C. Lamm, H. Bauer, and E. Moser, Human motor cortex activity during mental rotation, NeuroImage, vol.20, issue.1, pp.225-232, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S1053-8119(03)00235-0

M. Wraga, W. L. Thompson, N. M. Alpert, and S. M. Kosslyn, Implicit transfer of motor strategies in mental rotation, Brain and Cognition, vol.52, issue.2, pp.135-143, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0278-2626(03)00033-2

A. Wohlschläger, Mental object rotation and the planning of hand movements, Perception & Psychophysics, vol.31, issue.4, pp.709-718, 2001.
DOI : 10.3758/BF03202524

A. Wohlschläger and A. Wohlschläger, Mental and manual rotation., Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, vol.24, issue.2, pp.397-412, 1998.
DOI : 10.1037/0096-1523.24.2.397

J. M. Zacks, Neuroimaging Studies of Mental Rotation: A Meta-analysis and Review, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, vol.20, issue.1, pp.1-19, 2008.
DOI : 10.1006/nimg.2002.1129

J. M. Zacks, J. Mires, B. Tversky, and E. Hazeltine, Mental spatial transformations of objects and perspective, Spatial Cognition and Computation, vol.2, issue.4, pp.315-322, 2002.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1015584100204