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Conjugated C-6 hydroxylated bile acids in serum relate to human metabolic health and gut Clostridia species

Abstract : Knowledge about in vivo effects of human circulating C-6 hydroxylated bile acids (BAs), also called muricholic acids, is sparse. It is unsettled if the gut microbiome might contribute to their biosynthesis. Here, we measured a range of serum BAs and related them to markers of human metabolic health and the gut microbiome. We examined 283 non-obese and obese Danish adults from the MetaHit study. Fasting concentrations of serum BAs were quantified using ultra-performance liquid chromatographytandem mass-spectrometry. The gut microbiome was characterized with shotgun metagenomic sequencing and genome-scale metabolic modeling. We find that tauro-and glycohyocholic acid correlated inversely with body mass index (P = 4.1e-03, P = 1.9e-05, respectively), waist circumference (P = 0.017, P = 1.1e-04, respectively), body fat percentage (P = 2.5e-03, P = 2.3e-06, respectively), insulin resistance (P = 0.051, P = 4.6e-4, respectively), fasting concentrations of triglycerides (P = 0.06, P = 9.2e-4, respectively) and leptin (P = 0.067, P = 9.2e-4). Tauro-and glycohyocholic acids, and tauroa-muricholic acid were directly linked with a distinct gut microbial community primarily composed of Clostridia species (P = 0.037, P = 0.013, P = 0.027, respectively). We conclude that serum conjugated C-6-hydroxylated BAs associate with measures of human metabolic health and gut communities of Clostridia species. The findings merit preclinical interventions and human feasibility studies to explore the therapeutic potential of these BAs in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Bile acids (BAs) are a class of steroids produced from cholesterol in the liver where they are conjugated with either glycine or taurine and released into the bile. These primary BAs, which in humans predominantly comprise of cholic acid (CA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) are absorbed by different intestinal bacteria, and conjugates of glycine or taurine are removed with subsequent alteration of hydroxyl groups to form secondary BAs 1. BAs emulsify dietary fats in the small intestine and facilitate their absorption 1,2. At the terminal ileum, the majority of BAs are absorbed by the apical sodium dependent BA transporters and enter the hepatic portal circulation. In total, about 95% of BAs are reabsorbed into intestinal enterocytes, whilst > 5% of BAs enter the systemic circulation and act on multiple organs throughout the body via several types of receptors 3. The most prominent of these are the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and the Takeda G protein-coupled membrane receptor 5 (TGR5) which are expressed in a variety of peripheral tissues 4-7. Through these receptors, BAs regulate biological processes such as immunity, neuroprotection, metabolism, and energy expenditure 8-12 .
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03664150
Contributor : Hanna Julienne Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 5:53:33 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 3:47:44 AM

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Anders Petersen, Hanna Julienne, Tuulia Hyötyläinen, Partho Sen, yong Fan, et al.. Conjugated C-6 hydroxylated bile acids in serum relate to human metabolic health and gut Clostridia species. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11, pp.13252. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-91482-y⟩. ⟨hal-03664150⟩

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